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Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

If your laptop is not turning on if it's turning on and freezing, the power light is on, or if it's turning on and turning itself right back off, laptops do this all the time. And these initial steps that we take which we will apply to all laptop brands. With any repair process in the laptop being a troubleshooting process involved.

Because with any one thing going on that could be multiple reasons. Why it's happening sort of finding the reason, why it's happening the general rule of thumb is we diagnose for the easiest or the cheapest repairs first. And then if those don't turn out to be the culprit we move on to the more expensive or more difficult repairs.

So in other words, when your computer breaks down, you're not just going straight to repairing the motherboard, you're trying to figure out what the easy things are that is the case.


What causes a laptop not to turn on

A computer that's not turning on turning on, and freezing or turning on, and turning off when it's plugged in could have a faulty power supply, battery problem, corrupted operating system, motherboard, faulty hardware, static buildup, bad charger, overheating due to heavy uses, video card, or RAM.

The easiest things that could be are a static buildup, bad battery, or a bad charger so those will be the first things we'll diagnose.


1. Check and replace Power Cord/Charger/Adapter

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

In many cases, the laptop won't turn on issue arises due to a faulty ac adapter or charging cable. Your computer might have a power source issue. So let's start by checking the basics and inspect the power cord.

  • Make sure it's connected to the socket properly. Sometimes the unexpected shout-down could occur due to a damaged power cord as well. So if you have a spare charger or another power cord at home, try using another one to turn on your computer.
  • Try replacing the adapter and cable with another to see.
  • If the laptop turns on or not, in case, it's working fine with the new cable or adapter. The only solution would be just to replace the entire charging setup with a brand new one. In case, it's still not changing the condition we go to solution number two.

How to test your charger and power Jack

We want to make sure that this charger is getting the right power to your computer.

If you've tested your charger and you've confirmed that it's working properly, then test your power jack because if the charge is getting the right power to the jack we want to make sure the Jack is getting the right power to the motherboard.

Make sure that your charger cable and power jack is working. If your charge and power jack is not working and you know where the problem is then you need to test those first.

Any electronic repair always comes with risk. So if you want to test yourself and if you're unsure, please consult a professional or use a YouTube video guide otherwise do this at your own risk. Also, you should back up your important data before attending repair on any computers.

So in order to test your power jack and charger some tools you need.
  1. Multi Meter
  2. Soldering Iron
  3. Small Wire
  4. Solder
  5. screwdriver to disassemble your laptop
  6. Solder paste flux

2. Check the Computer's Ventilation

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

Laptops and their cooling It is important to ensure that there is a proper ventilation system for all components to maintain a moderate temperature, to ensure that the cooling fan is working properly. If you see dirt around the fan then clean it thoroughly this is going to restore the ventilation of the PC and you are going to be able to use it without facing any unexpected shutdown.

Also, it will increase the performance because it's going to eliminate any possible throttling. Paying attention to the cooling system and guaranteeing that it's in a good shape and really pays off in the long run.

One sub scenario where the CPU temperature could be involved is because usually most processors have something like a switch and if they reach a certain threshold about a temperature, they entirely shut off and that brings your computer down.

  • So the first thing you want to do to keep your computer cool is trying to keep it clean.
  • Maybe even use a cooling pad. If some of you were doing high-end graphics or gaming something weather where the CPU heats up, trying to use a cooling pad. just take safeguards like that.


3. Remove all devices from your laptop

Assuming you have left a memory card, DVD, or USB drive in your laptop or USB drive or memory card left inserted into a USB port or card reader, this could be a reason behind why your PC doesn't turn on. It very well may be getting "stuck" in light of the fact that the BIOS might be attempting to boot from a removable storage device. Eliminate all USB drives and other devices and try again to boot up your PC.


4. Unplug your charger and take out your battery

1. Unplug your charger, flip the computer over, and take out your battery.

2. Remove your charger to remove your battery.

3. Then flip it over, open it up, and hold down the power key for a minute

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

What this is going to do is it's going to drain any static that has built up in the computer if any of you have ever called a warranty line because your computer's not working of any of the brand's Dell, Lenovo, HP. No matter what your problem is, the first thing they do is have you remove the charger or remove the battery and hold your power button down for a minute.

4. Static build-up can mess your computer up a lot and it can definitely stop it from turning on.

5. So after you've held that down for a minute > put the battery back in.

6. Don't put your charger in, go ahead and try to turn the computer on.

If your computer turns on, it means that your battery is good and your computer is good, it means that your charger is bad or going bad, so replace your charger. If at this point your computer still doesn't turn on then have to do repeat the process for the chargee.


5. Take your battery back out and plug your charger in

1. Once you've held that down for a minute, leave the battery out and this time plug your charger in.

2. Now try to turn your computer on.

If your computer turns on the same thing but in Reverse, your charge is good, and your computer is good, but your battery is going bad then replace your battery.


6. Remove your RAM

The first thing you want to do is unplug your RAM, plug it back in, it's called reseeding an item. So make sure that it's not just loose. If that doesn't work we're going to actually test to see if one of your RAM sticks is bad to get at your RAM. Most likely you'll have an easy access panel or door on the bottom. If you don't have an easy access panel, you'll have to take off your entire bottom case.

If you have to do that your best bet is to search for a teardown or disassembly video on the exact model of your computer that'll tell you exactly how to get into the bottom case and it'll limit your chances of breaking anything.

If you can't find a video here are some pointers:-

1. First, remove all the visible screws then remove your battery.

If you have a removable battery watch out they sometimes hide screws under there they also sometimes hide screws under the DVD drive and sometimes they hide screws under the bottom feet so watch out for all those places. If you have an easy access panel then you're in luck. It's a lot easier.

2. Remove a couple screws and gain access to some commonly used components. So there RAM this is a very normal way that you'll see the RAM in a laptop.

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

There'll either be two ports for RAM or one port. If you only have one port and one stick of RAM you'll have to buy another working stick in order to do this test. If you have two sticks they'll generally be on top of each other or side to side.

3. Now, the way to test your RAM is to take one out at a time they're usually held in by two spring-loaded arms on either side. You pull those apart and the RAM sticks release. Then you can slide it out.

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

4. Once you take it out, get an eraser and try to clean RAM dust with an eraser. Put it back and boot your computer again. If your computer turns on it means it has solved your issue. If it doesn't work.

5. Take out one stick and you try to boot your computer again. Try this with both RAM sticks. If your computer turns on it means one stick is bad and another stick is good and you have to replace that one.

Find a compatible RAM because not all RAM is compatible with all computers. If it still doesn't work at this point then you take out the other stick and you put another back in the slot and then you try booting your computer again and then the same thing if it turns on then another thick is bad and the first was good.


7. CMOS battery

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

CMOS battery - This is a less likely culprit for what's causing your screen issue. If your computer is turning on but it's freezing or it's turning off right away then changing the CMOS battery is the right solution. CMOS battery looks like a large watch battery. Sometimes the CMOS battery is wrapped in electrical tape and it's wired and plugged into your laptop. So there are the two different kinds of CMOS batteries you may see in your laptop.

So in order to test this as being the culprit, these are fairly cheap. They usually unwell under $1 for each one especially if you buy a multipack.

How to change CMOS battery

  • Unplug the charger and remove all extra cables.
  • Unscrew the case screws and slide off the case.
  • Find the silver-colored battery, sometimes it is wrapped in electric tape.
  • Check the model number on the top of the battery and purchase from an online store or a local computer store.
  • Snap off the battery cover if your motherboard has one or there's a spring under the battery.
  • Push the battery in and slowly lift it up and the battery comes loose
  • Put the side panel back on the case, re-attach all cables, and then turn on your computer to make sure the battery is installed correctly.
  • Wait to see if the computer changes to a prompt asking for battery information or if it boots straight to the desktop.
  • Enter the battery model information you wrote down earlier if the prompt asks for it, and then press "Enter" to finish the installation.
  • When you're doing this, make sure you don't break this part, if that breaks the CMOS battery cannot be properly secured in. So make sure you don't break that. Be very gentle with it and then you would replace this. Just slide your new one in a snap it down. It's fairly easy and cheap to replace that part even though it's only probably 10% of the time that's the cause of your issue.


8. Use a rescue disc

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

If nothing works for you, you can try booting from a rescue disc or USB drive. A rescue disc allows you to use a CD, DVD, or USB drive to check your computer without launching Microsoft Windows and fix any problems you may have with the Windows operating system.

If a virus is the culprit behind your laptop's problems, Rescue Disk will find it through a scanning tool. It scans your computer's hard drive for hidden files, system drivers, and Master Boot Record (MBR) without disturbing the operating system so that you can remove the offending malware.


9. Boot in safe mode

Some software infects your computer. They corrupt and damage your computer. Some software contains spyware and can't be removed easily when you try to uninstall them. They hide under a rootkit so they cause a lot of problems. That's why Windows gave us the safe mode feature. Not only on Windows but also Mac (named as Safe Boot in Mac).

Safe Mode of any OS is that mode of the system where the OS has minimal resources, it needs to be booted. Safe Mode allows you to create a new user account if your original account has been corrupted.

Here's how to enter safe mode.

Fix Any Laptop that Won't Turn ON, NO Power or Freezes

Hold the Shift button and mash the F8 key when Windows starts. This will sometimes boot you into the new advanced repair options. 

1. Click on the Troubleshoot option
2. Now select Advanced Options.
3. Now choose the Windows Startup Settings option
4. Then hit the Restart button
5. Press the F4 key on your keyboard, to enable Safe Mode

If F8 and Shift+F8 is not working or if Windows 10 doesn’t boot properly, then you can enable the legacy Advanced Boot Options menu that allows you to press F8 upon startup.


10. Check the Hardware

If you're using a desktop, the issue might be caused due to a loosely connected cable take a look around at the cables and make sure that each connection is firm. In case, you've recently opened your computer to install new hardware components like a new hard drive or RAM kit, this might also cause the laptop won't turn on issue.

In this case, either reinstall the old hardware or make sure that each new component is perfectly in place in its sockets and try to boot again.

Unfortunately, sometimes the hardware in your PC, for example, your hard drive, simply fails and there is no easy solution. Assuming that you hear a clicking noise or the drive spinning but then the power is turned off, this is a sign that your hard drive has failed. Most of the time, this means all you have to do is replace your hard drive.


11. Reset the NVRAM

NVRAM is also known as non-vital random access memory is a special type of memory that stores data even when the laptop is turned off. Even though NVRAM isn't related to the laptop's booting process. Resetting it might help you fix the issue of the laptop won't turn on. So let's walk through the process of resetting your NVRAM on your laptop.

  • Shut down your laptop
  • Simultaneously press and hold the Command + the option + P + R keys. Wait for your laptop to turn on your laptop will play the second reboot chime
  • Release all the keys once you hear that sound


Closure

So I hope that this was helpful. If you have any questions let me know in the comment section below I try my best. I hope that if this didn't identify the issue, we've at least set you off on a path of diagnosing various components deeper and deeper into the computer. So that eventually you will be able to find out where this is coming from.

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