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How Does Airplane Wi-Fi Work?

How Does Airplane Wi-Fi Work?

Very soon the flight mode of the phone in the airplane may be discontinued. How, now that the permission has been given to take calls and use the Internet in the flight, then who will start the flight mode. It is a different matter that people who used to run away from the phone, internet on the pretext of this flight will now feel disappointed. Now home, family, office is going to follow you from anywhere… then you are on the ground or in the air.

There is good news and bad for those traveling by plane. The good news is that now you can use mobile phones and the Internet in Indian airspace too. The bad thing is that now you cannot tell your boss that you were not able to take a call due to being on the flight. Telecom Commission has given a green signal to the facility of data connectivity during air travel.

According to the recommendations given by TRI, passengers can access the internet after reaching 3000 meters (about 10 thousand feet) in the air, as well as make phone calls. The plane usually takes 5 minutes after take-off to reach 3000 meters.

Now the question is how will the internet reach your phone while traveling at about 35 thousand feet in the air. There are two ways. First - mobile broadband towers on the ground that sends signals to the antenna of the aircraft. The antenna is mounted on the lower part of the plane's structure. The plane takes the signal from the nearest tower while flying so that there is no obstruction in the internet facility. But if you are going through the sea or a mountain, then there is usually little scope to get internet.

Another way is satellite technology. The plane is connected to those satellites which are 35 thousand kilometers above the ground. through this satellite, receiver, and transmitter that takes signals from the earth. basically, it is the same satellite which provides you weather condition or TV signal. The smartphone connects to the closest satellite signal via the antenna above the aircraft. The exchange of information between the ground and the plane is done through this satellite. Plane passengers can access the internet through a Wi-Fi signal.

However, it is not enough to allow Internet access in air travel. In countries where this facility is already available in the airspace, the slow speed of Wi-Fi is also causing problems. In 2008, Gogo, a company providing broadband in-flight - then known as Aircel - launched the first Wi-Fi service on Virgin America aircraft. However, there was a 3 Mbps connection at that time as the passengers using the laptop were also less. But now it has turned the opposite. because every person has a mobile and countless apps in it. In such a situation, it is necessary to work at the speed of Wi-Fi.

Nowadays the satellite connection speeds close to 12 Mbps, but the maintenance of the satellite is very expensive. In such a situation, either the ticket rate will have to be expensive or the speed will have to be compromised for the airline to meet this expense. Competitive companies can be benefited by making tickets expensive and the low speed of the internet is considered as no internet. In such a situation, airline companies have to get involved in this race and think about how to provide better and cheaper service of in-flight Wi-Fi.

It is said that there are better and cheaper options for in-flight Wi-Fi in the US. At the same time, Europe's air safety agency EASA gave permission to use mobile phones during the flight in 2014. However, in Europe, there is no satisfaction among passengers regarding Wi-Fi facilities. The technology of these flight internet is not cheap. The antenna used for this work affects the speed of the airline, due to this, fuel cost increases. Apart from this, the cost of maintenance is also usually presented in the form of increased prices towards the customers.

Experts say that more than half of the world's aircraft will have these flight Wi-Fi facilities in the next four years. means, the industry of earning millions of dollars is being prepared. At the same time, the Gogo company currently has an exclusive rule over Wi-Fi in air travel. Gogo has also entered India in this field. However, in the US, Gogo has been criticized for its slow services.

Why is In-Flight WiFi So Slow and Expensive?

Well! to answer that question it takes two parts. one part economics and one part technology. on the economic side, there is one company that controls the majority of in-flight Wi-Fi networks and that is gogo. in-flight that means that they have no competition in the air meaning that they have no incentive to upgrade their technology networks. this also means that they can set whatever price that they want and charge people. however, much they want they only bank on about 7% of the customers buying the in-flight service, and that a majority of those customers are business people who will pay those prices. because the business company will cover those costs.

So, they'll pay whatever price means they get a nice big check and they get to pay out two nice big checks to the airlines while taking in a lot of revenue. now for the technology side, there are two main priorities when it comes to providing in-flight Wi-Fi one is surface to plain Wi-Fi and one is plain to satellite Wi-Fi. now, the Wi-Fi between the ground and the plane is quite slow because you are in a fast-moving aircraft trying to take in those radio waves and you're generally going to be jumping from tower to tower to the tower when you're going across an area not to mention the congestion.

If you're in a place where a lot of people happen to be using that Wi-Fi it can also slow it down in the plane and also over that vast area now one area that is starting to pick up is the plane to satellite Wi-Fi. this is a little bit better and provides between 40 megabits and 70 megabits of speed which is enough fast but you're going to have to share that over a large area so these satellites will cover an area of the earth and depending on how many planes are in that area using that Wi-Fi.

It has to split up that forty to seventy megabit between all those planes in the air which can then cause the slowdown of Wi-Fi. so it's generally kind of thrown up in the air whether you're you going to get good service or not good service. I've got some good across the country not so much where there's a lot of people, they're a lot of business people who might be on planes coming in internationally or maybe even over the air.

It's going to have a lot of congestion. so it's kind of the throw-up and what I have done personally is I've stopped paying for in-flight Wi-Fi. I found it is too expensive and just not fast enough. so, what I'll do is I'll take my laptop load up some movies, maybe load up some TV shows on it and watch them while in-flight keeps me entertained and I don't need a browse the Internet.

Generally, at this point until it does get better or until gogo finally gets some competition in the market. I probably wouldn't pay for Wi-Fi nowadays. it's just too slow too crappy and you're doing anything other than checking emails you're gonna have a very slow time. so, you guys go hopefully I answer that question for you. if you have any additional questions leave them in the comment section down below.

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